I have something to say about Jerome and the issue of the Episcopal Office and the Presbyteral Office. For centuries, Protestants have been appealing to the fact that Jerome states that the Office of Bishop is equal with the Office of Presbyter, and therefore not de essentia with the Church Christ founded. The details of this prove to be a considerable point. But my purpose here is ulterior. I think that whatever conclusion one comes to from studying Jerome’s statements on the Office of Bishop, more is said by the same that would exclude the same from any sort of proto-protestant ecclesiologist. I here explain. Continue reading
Orthodox Christian Apologetics has responded to my critique of his first article on St. Peter and the Keys. This post is, therefore, part 2 of my critique of his position. In this new response, Craig accurately opens up with describing the Catholic position on the Apostle Peter, the Apostles, and their successors’ relation to the Keys of the Kingdom of Heaven Continue reading
I had a recent commentator send me some messages on the matter of the Papal doctrine of Roman Catholicism and how it stands under historical criticism. I will first put the interlocutor’s comments in quote boxes, and then respond in the text below each.
St. Peter holding Key
Eastern Orthodox apologist Craig Truglia recently published an extensive article which attempts to show that the Roman Catholic teaching on Peter and the Keys is contrary to the mind of the Fathers. As always, I thank him for the opportunity to clarify. Continue reading
I believe we have an instance in the 5th-century where a reigning Pope of Rome exercised something like an immediate jurisdiction over the Eastern See of Constantinople, and, by extension, even over the Council of Ephesus (431). The background begins with a newly ordained Bishop of Constantinople, Nestorius, who would go on to espouse the heresy which has it that there are two persons in Christ Jesus, the Human and Divine. He rejected the term “theotokos” (Mother of God) because he thought it violated the human status of the Savior, as well as deify the Virgin Mary. How could anyone beget God unless they, too, are God? This heresy of Nestorius was promulgated through his sermons, and the Pope of Rome, St. Celestine, received word on this. Choosing to work with the 2nd See of Christendom, St. Celestine chose to interact in exchanges with the Bishop of Alexandria, St. Cyril, on the brewing heresy in Constantinople’s new Bishop. The heresy of Nestorius reached a high-water mark around April of 430, and this caused St. Cyril to write a sober letter to the Pope requesting some sort of corrective action. Continue reading