Falsification Criteria of Catholicism – St. John Henry Newman


“I grant that there are ‘bishops against bishops in Church history, Fathers against Fathers, Fathers against themselves’, for such differences in individual writers are consistent with, or rather are involve in the very idea of doctrinal development, and consequently are no real objection to it; the one essential question is whether the recognized organ of teaching, the Church herself, acting through Pope or Council as the oracle of Heaven, has ever contradicted her own enunciations. If so, the hypothesis which I am advocating is at once shattered; but till I have positive and distinct evidence of the fact, I am slow to give credence to the existence of so great an improbability” (An Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine, pg. 134)

Who Speaks for the Eastern Orthodox Church – Fr. John Penteleimon Manoussakis

Fr. John Penteleimon Manoussakis, an Eastern Orthodox professor of Philosophy and Priest (see Dr. Adam DeVille’s interview), speaks to a growing problem within the Eastern Orthodox Church. Now, I don’t intend to point fingers here (readers known I’m capable of speaking to weaknesses in Catholicism), but it is interesting to see how the below statement really does identify why the current crisis with Ukraine will persist until the question “Who speaks for Orthodoxy” is answered definitively.

“The phenomenon of anti-papism, understood as a denial of a primus for the universal church and the elevation of such denial to a trait that allegedly identifies the whole Orthodox Church, is, properly speaking, heretical….Nevertheless, the phenomenon of anti-papism has become increasingly more observable within the Orthodox Church. Those who want to elevate their dislike for the pope into a definition for the Orthodox Church as a whole do not realize that, if they were right, their version of the Church would be reduced to little more than a religious club that can trace its origins to no earlier than the schism of 1054…. At the very least, this discussion requires that we reconsider the question of whether or not we need a primus in the Orthodox Church. And, if so, who or what might play such a role?…..Who can speak on behalf of the Orthodox Church? Who is entitled to do so? Orthodox faithful today become familiar with a phenomenon that takes alarming dimensions, namely, the rise of a movement within the Orthodox Church consisting of zealots who see themselves as the rightful ‘guardians of orthodoxy’, over and against the Church’s institutionalized authority. In their ferocity against the Western other, these ‘guardians of Orthodoxy’ reject any notion of primacy, espousing and promoting an ecclesiology that they misunderstand to be democratic in its structure of equality. Among their mistakes is the conflation of the ideas of conciliarity, sobornost, and episcopal equality.”  (Pg. 25-27)

Mary, Conceived Without Sin


Roman Catholics who utilize the devotion of the Medal of Our Lady of Grace, otherwise known as the Miraculous Medal devotion, will often pray “O Mary, conceived without sin, pray for us who have recourse to thee“. This is based on private revelations from the Virgin Mary to St. Catherine Labouré in the early to mid 19th century.

Those Christians who have been trained or indoctrinated in the schools coming out from the Protestant Reformation almost instinctively look at this as idolatry, superstition, and heretical. Besides this being a dubious revelation to reinforce the errors of Rome, this prayer “O Mary, conceived without sin” is surely an aberrant idea in direct contradiction with the Gospel and Holy Scripture. Continue reading

Pope Francis on the Death Penalty: Intrinsically Evil?

I have long wanted to make a long post on the subject of Pope Francis’s revision on CCC 2267, since getting into all the details would require a paper of great length. However, some people brought this question up enough for me to put a very short and brief answer to this question of whether the new revised paragraph is effectively teaching that the death penalty is intrinsically evil.

In short, no. Continue reading

Tome of Pope St. Leo – Critically Examined by the Council of Chalcedon? Part 2: Response to Ubi Petrus



Council of Chalcedon (source)

A new blog article, belonging to an anonymous author who goes by the pesudo-name UBIPETRUS2019 (Ubi Petrus), has rebutted arguments I made in an article I wrote back in September of 2017 concerning the famous letter of Pope St. Leo to St. Flavian of Constantinople, otherwise known as his Tome, and its reception by the Council of Chalcedon (451). Here below is my response to this critique. Citations from Ubi Petrus in blue.
Continue reading